A collection of Civil War soldiers...remembered.
|Unknown Private from Beavertown, PA|
|Unknown Officer from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania... There is a signature on the back but it's illegible|
|Unknown soldier from Duncannon, Pennsylvania|
|Theodore Roth, MD - Clearly wearing his Civil War uniform and with a medical staff pattern. Unfortunately little is known about his war service, but he lived from 1834 to 1876 and spent most of his life in Philadelphia.|
|Unknown officer - Photo taken in Philadelphia, PA|
Captain Bernard D. Searles, Company D 94th New York Infantry. He enlisted in 1861 at age 46 from Ellisburgh, NY and was commissioned 1st Lieutenant in Company D, 94th New York. Eventually he was commissioned Captain, but before that he served with the regiment through the battles of Second Bull Run (where the regiment lost 147 men), South Mountain and Antietam. His commission dating back to the Maryland Campaign, Captain Searles would be in the midst of one more major battle in the east. He led Company D against entrenched Confederates near Prospect Hill at Fredericksburg on December 13, 1862. There attack crested near Bernard's Cabins interestingly enough. By the time the fighting had ceased, the 94th counted 58 fewer men in the ranks, and, Searles commanded the regiment.
After the fighting at Fredericksburg, the 94th New York and the 105th New York had lost so many men that a consolidation of the two units was ordered. Half of the officers in both regiments would be discharged. Although there are no details (yet) on this, being age 48 and definitely one of the older officers in either regiment, Searles was targeted as one of those who would be going home. In March of 1863 he was mustered out of Federal service and returned to Jefferson County, New York. He lived until 1888 and is buried at Woodside Cemetery in Belleville, New York.
This image was given to one of the men in his command as a gift, Private L. James Plummer, who served from March of 1862 until December of 1863 in the 94th New York.
2nd Lieutenant Orrin Taber, 1st New Hampshire Light Artillery - At age 21, Orrin enlisted on August 19, 1861 at Manchester, New Hampshire as a Quarter Master Sergeant in Battery A, 1st New Hampshire Light Artillery. He held this position through April 16, 1863, when he was promoted to a full 1st Sergeant. He served with the unit through all their major battles including Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg (Edgell's Battery on Cemetery Hill), Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and the many battles around Petersburg until October of 1864 when he resigned. He had been promoted to 2nd Lieutenant on February 13, 1864. He survived the war and afterwards lived in Nashua, New Hampshire before moving to Santa Clara County, California where he lived out his life as a farmer.
Captain William Gustavus Edgerton, 11th US Infantry. Edgerton was from Pawlet in Rutland County, Vermont. At the outbreak of the war he was 30 years old and he enlisted with the 1st Vermont Infantry at Brattleboro. He served as a 1st Sergeant at the battle of Big Bethel and for three months service with the unit. In August of '61 he was commissioned Captain in the 11th US Infantry. He missed many of the unit's major fights while serving as a Federal Mustering Officer. Two of the units he mustered into Federal Service were the 124th New York Infantry (Orange Blossoms) and the 134th New York. He was also married in September of 1862. He may have served at Chancellorsville, but he was definitely with the unit as they marched north towards the fighting at Gettysburg. Captain Edgerton was in the thick of it as the 11th fought for control of the bloody Wheatfield. The regiment's commander, Major De Lancey Floyd-Jones, wrote the following in his Official Report.
"We advanced in good order, although exposed to a flank fire from the enemy, and halted immediately in front of a piece of woods, where we lay some half hour or more. Our brigade then relieved some troops of the Second Corps, for which purpose we advanced into the woods, at the same time changing our direction by a wheel to the left.
After firing a few rounds in the woods, it was discovered that the enemy was turning our right flank, and we were ordered to fall back, which was done in good order until we reached half way across the open field, when we became exposed to a cross-fire of the enemy, the effect of which was most deadly upon officers and men.
Our loss up to this time had been comparatively slight, but in a few minutes we lost nearly half of the regiment, and that, too, without inflicting the slightest damage upon the enemy. We finally reached the wood, when we were enabled to reform and face the enemy."
It was at some moment during that deadly period of time that Captain Edgerton was struck by a spent minie ball, as the Major wrote in his report. Whatever damage it did was not enough to keep him from the ranks though. At Gettysburg the 11th US Infantry lost 116 of its 286 men.
For Captain Edgerton, the war was not even close to over. He served through the rest of the conflict and commanded the regiment from August through October of 1864. He was brevetted Major for his services on April 2, 1865 during the break-through at Petersburg. Even after the surrender had taken place the following month, Edgerton remained in the service as a member of the 11th, and later, 29th US Infantry until 1867. Once the guns had finally fallen silent, Captain Edgerton returned to Vermont where he lived with his wife and two children until his death in 1886.
1st Lieutenant Alexander Beach Jr., 11th New Jersey Infantry - Alex Beach enlisted on May 30, 1861 with Company K of the 2nd New Jersey Infantry. He was discharged for promotion on August 16, 1862 after receiving a commission as 2nd Lieutenant of Company B in the newly formed 11th New Jersey. The regiment saw minor action at Fredericksburg and in March of 1863, Beach was promoted to 1st Lieutenant of Company C. As a part of Sickles' Third Corps, the regiment was severely engaged at Chancellorsville. They lost 20 men killed and 113 men wounded. Of the latter was Lieutenant Beach. "The next day the rebel sharpshooters kept up an annoying fire, and several men of the Eleventh were wounded, among them Lieutenant Beach. When Beach was struck, one of Berdan's Sharpshooters asked " if that fellow hit any one." When told that Beach was struck, he replied : " I have my eye on the "Son-of- ." The next instant there was a report, and the " reb " came tumbling out of a tree. During the 4th and 5th, besides Lieutenant Beach, twenty-three men were wounded. Had the regiment remained in position at the edge of the wood during the entire artillery fire it would have been almost annihilated."
Beach later wrote of his experience after being wounded. "I was wounded early in the morning of the last day of the fight, and was put in an ambulance with a wounded Confederate belonging to an Alabama regiment. We were driven to the steamer at Aquia Creek to be transported to Washington. The Confederate was laid on a cot next to mine on the upper deck. Before we left the dock, President Lincoln telegraphed he was coming down to look after the wounded, and the vessel was detained until he arrived. As he came on our deck, grasping the hand and speaking a word of comfort to every one, the Alabamian asked me who it was coming. I told him it was President Lincoln. He then asked me if the President would speak to him. I replied I thought so. When the President came to his cot, he took his hand and asked about his comfort and if his wound had been dressed, and showed as much interest in his welfare as he did in any of our own soldiers. When he left, the Confederate was in tears and was completely overcome by the kindly interest of the man against whose authority he was fighting. He said he hoped to live to return to his home and tell his people how the great heart of Abraham Lincoln had gone out toward him a "rebel."
On July 3, 1863, Beach was commissioned Captain of Company I, but he never mustered as such. This is because he was promoted to one of the regiment's honorary posts. On August 26, 1863, he officially became the 11th New Jersey's Adjutant as a member of the unit's Field and Staff. He served in this post through the remainder of the war and through the rest of the unit's major actions. On June 6, 1865, he was mustered out of Federal service. After the war he lived in Newark, New Jersey and died on April 9, 1902.
|Unknown Union officer, possibly 11th PA Cavalry. Photo taken in Hanover, PA at S.G. Sheaffer's Studio.|
2nd Lieutenant John D. Hill, 107th New York Infantry. Born in 1843, Hill enlisted in Company F of the 107th New York Infantry in August 1862 as a Sergeant at the age of nineteen. He was with the regiment at Antietam, Fredericksburg, and through Burnside's Mud March. Just before Chancellorsville he was promoted to First Sergeant. The unit suffered heavy losses at Chancellorsville, but Sergeant Hill continued to prove his skills in leadership on the battlefield. In June of 1863 he was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant of Company F, just in time for Gettysburg. The unit supported a battery near the Baltimore Pike during much of the fighting for Culps Hill. Hill wrote on July 5th, "There is no doubt but what we have whipped them in every sense of the word...The 4th of July dawned upon us and we expected a fight with the cavalry, but after scouring around the country a while we came back to our first position and passed the remainder of the day very quietly, not caring for any particular celebration and we were willing to dispence with fireworks in the evening, as we have had plenty such as it is during the last three days...Our loss at Chancellorsville about 80 killed wounded and missing, so you see we were very fortunate this time. It will doubtless prove to be as great a battle as has ever been fought durin gthe war, and it seems as if we ought to whip them bad enough this time to make this the last one..." Lieutenant Hill and the 107th New York moved south with the rest of the Twelfth Corps to join General Sherman's army and the move on Atlanta, Georgia. By May of 1864 the campaign was well under way on on the 25th of that month, the 107th met Confederates at New Hope Church. The regiment was decimated and Lieutenant Hill was shot in the head and killed instantly, only twenty-one years old. His men could not immediately remove him from the field and when they finally found him, he had been stripped of all his garments and belongings. Finally on May 27, 1864, the young lieutenant was laid to rest. Captain Arthur Fitch of the 107th Remembered this of Lieutenant Hill when giving a dedicatory speech about his unit's action at New Hope Church..."The same tidal wave of death swept away his (Captain John Knox) second lieutenant, John Hill, quiet, modest, young, beloved of all. How well I remember his coming with a picket relief that first night at Gettysburg, and finding me overcome with fatigue and sound asleep (a dreadful dereliction of duty at such time), quietly awakened me and sent me with my picket guard to camp, without chiding or report to his superiors. I loved him from that hour." Eventually he was re-interred to Marietta National Cemetery.
Captain George Gibson Huntt, 4th United States Cavalry. Huntt was born September 1, 1835 in Washington D.C. There is little information on his upbringing, but he was commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant in the 4th United States Cavalry on March 27, 1861 at age 25. The 4th US was a unit of prestige...talk about being surrounded by some names with clout. The Colonels roster included Edwin Sumner, Robert E. Lee and John Sedgwick. Some other famous names he served with before the outbreak of the war were George Stoneman, Samuel Sturgis and William J. Hardee. Huntt was later promoted to 1st Lieutenant on May 2, 1861 and he served as the regiment's adjutant. From '61 to '63 the 4th US was divided all over the Civil War map, a couple companies serving as McClellan's headquarters guard, and the others divided in the western theater. I have thus far been unable to ascertain the whereabouts of Huntt's service during this time. Huntt was promoted to Captain on July 17, 1862 and the regiment reunited finally in December of 1864. During this time the unit saw action at Forts Henry and Donelson, Shiloh, Shelbyville, Nashville, and most notably, Selma. On April 2, 1865 at Selma the 4th US Cavalry participated in Wilson's charge where they took on Nathan Bedford Forrest and routed Confederate troops entrenched on the outskirts of the city. After the war, Huntt remained in the service and eventually rose to the rank of Colonel in the 2nd US Cavalry, which he held for seven years before retiring in 1898. During his post-war service he was involved in the Indian wars in Texas and is responsible for founding Fort Concho, Texas. After retiring from the service, Huntt lived until 1914, dying in Carlisle, Pennsylvania at the age of 79 years old. He is buried in Harrisburg City Cemetery.
Private Alexander G. Eakman enlisted in Company B, 11th PA Reserves (40th PA) on June 10, 1861. At 5 feet, 6 inches with a fair complexion, grey eyes, and dark hair, he was a sixteen years old laborer and served with the regiment through the balance of the war. At Gettysburg on July 2, 1863 he was with the unit as they charged down from the northern slope of Little Round Top into the Plum Run Valley and he was wounded in the famous charge of the reserves led by General Crawford. He recovered in time to participate in the Overland Campaign and was discharged with the rest of his unit on June 13, 1864 at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This young man had done his share of the sacrificing.
|Unknown Corporal believed to be from the 1st Corps. Backmark is West Greenville (now Greenville), PA which is in Mercer County. He may possibly be from the 142nd Pennsylvania Infantry.|
Private Joseph S. Morris, Company F, 58th Pennsylvania Infantry
Captain (Brevet Major) James Pride Boggs of Company D, 11th Pennsylvania Reserves (40th PA)
Boggs was from Evans City in Butler County, Pennsylvania and enlisted with the 11th Reserves on July 5, 1861 as a Corporal at the age of twenty-one. He was captured in June of 1862 along with much of his regiment during the fighting at Gaines Mill. Spending time at Belle Isle prison camp in Richmond, he was finally paroled and rejoined his unit to fight at Second Bull Run in August, where he was severely wounded in the left temple. It took him time to recover from this wound, but he was back in time for the march north towards Gettysburg where he led company D as a newly commissioned 1st Lieutenant (his rank in the photo above). The regiment lost 41 men at Gettysburg in the famous charge across Plum Run led by General Crawford at the end of the fighting on July 2, 1863 in the 'Valley of Death.' Lieutenant Boggs and the 11th Reserves then served in the Mine Run Campaign, but were not heavily engaged. It was not until May of '64, when Grant began his famous Overland Campaign, that the 11th Reserves were again heavily engaged. At the Wilderness Boggs received a severe bullet wound in the right thigh. It was only another month until he was discharged in June of 1864. He survived his second wounding and was brevetted to the rank of Major for his gallant service and bravery. After the war he returned to western Pennsylvania where he became involved in the oil industry. He and his wife had nine children and lived a long and fruitful life. He died at the age of 91 in 1930 and was buried at his home town of Evans City, PA. One more brave hero had reported for the final roll call.
|Unknown 3rd Corps soldier...The pin on his coat says "Hooker's Old Division...3rd Corps"|
|Unknown Union officer...the backmark is from Philadelphia and the CDV came from a collection of images from the 24th Michigan Infantry. He certainly has a stirring and fiery stare.|
|Unknown Union officer...CDV made in Philadelphia of a very young looking soldier.|